Guide to Birthstones


three coloured birthstones 

In the first century a Roman born Jewish historian called Josephus (Yosef Ben Matityahu) wrote that each of the twelve stones in the Breastplate of the High Priest (aka Breastplate of Aaron) represented the months of the year and the twelve signs of the zodiac and it's generally believed this was the origin of the tradition of birthstones.

There is a great deal of debate over the exact gemstones that were used in the breastplate mainly because of inaccurate translations hence there are now many different birthstones in existence.  Whilst 'sapphirus' was once thought to be the gemstone sapphire it is now known that it was in fact the blue metamorphic rock that's better known as lapis lazuli.

Although the modern day list of birthstones is the most recent, there are also many older lists in circulation and some argue that the correct way to assign a birthstone is according to the astrological sign and not month of birth.

Wearing or carrying your birthstone is commonly believed to bring good luck and/or health but at the same time many superstitions and supernatural powers have also been attributed to certain gemstones for hundreds and possibly even thousands of years.

The most common lists of birthstones include the traditional, modern and mystical birthstone with the latter originating in Tibet.  Ayurvedic birthstones which stem from ancient Indian medicine and Vedic astrology are also very popular.


Zodiac SignDatesBirthstone
Aquarius January 21 - February 19 Garnet
Pisces February 20 - March 20 Amethyst
Aries March 21 - April 19 Bloodstone
Taurus April 20 - May 20 Sapphire
Gemini May 21 - June 21 Agate
Cancer June 22 - July 22 Ruby
Leo July 23 - August 23 Onyx
Virgo August 24 - September 22 Carnelian
Libra September 23 - October 22 Peridot
Scorpio October 23 - November 22 Beryl
Sagittarius November 23 - December 21 Topaz
Capricorn December 22 - January 20 Ruby


Most commonly used lists of birthstones:


Month of BirthTraditional Birthstone(s)Modern Birthstone(s)Mystical BirthstoneAyurvedic Birthstone
January Garnet Garnet Emerald Garnet
February Amethyst Amethyst Bloodstone Amethyst
March Bloodstone, Jasper Aquamarine Jade Bloodstone
April Diamond, Sapphire Diamond Opal Diamond
May Emerald, Agate Emerald Sapphire Agate
June Alexandrite, Emerald Moonstone, Pearl Moonstone Pearl
July Ruby, Onyx Ruby Ruby Ruby
August Sardonyx, Carnelian Peridot Diamond Sapphire
September Sapphire, Peridot Sapphire Agate Moonstone
October Tourmaline, Aquamarine (Beryl) Opal, Tourmaline Jasper Opal
November Citrine, Topaz Topaz, Citrine Pearl Topaz
December Zircon, Ruby Turquoise, Blue Topaz Onyx



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