One of the most valuable varieties of Quartz, this gemstone is transparent to translucent and comes in various shades of yellow. Citrine has a vitreous lustre and its colour is caused by the presence of iron impurities within the crystal. Its name originates from the French 'citron' meaning lemon and due to its rarity and price, many gemstones are actually Amethyst which has been heat treated.
During the first and second centuries A.D. both the Greeks and Romans used it for intaglios and in ancient times it was worn as protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. There are few references to Citrine in history perhaps because of its rarity.
Valuable for the treatment of depression, it also eliminates self-destructive tendencies and stimulates the memory. It is said to help with digestion and with the removal of toxins from the body and is generally excellent for use in crystal healing. Citrine symbolizes light-heartedness, joy and happiness, it is a great protective talisman and is believed to calm and soothe. It can also enhance creativity and motivate writers. Along with Kyanite, it will not accumulate or retain negative energy and never needs to be cleaned.
Found in Madagascar, Spain, Uruguay, Scotland, USA and Russia, though the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul is currently the world's main supplier of natural Citrine.
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